Whether its empathy or not, accessibility is human right.
All around you will find people with disabilities. Irrespective of any country or land there are people who are not normal and live with some or other disability, be it blindness or hearing problem. If you check out Global population you will find that around 15% of it is disables in some or other way. Amongst this 15% about 190 million people face disability that is quite significant.
This is one of the reasons why the Americans with Disabilities Act were passed in 1990. Actually when this act was passed internet was not such omnipresent. With time it has evolved and websites and mobile apps have become one of the prime places for shopping, sharing and connecting. Thus, ADA aims in protecting the right of the people in America. It makes it illegal for any government or business entity to have websites or applications for public that cannot be used by the disabled.
Thus, when someone is designing a website ore application they need to know about the ADA web accessibility compliance requirements. Until and unless they know and apply it they might fail in ADA compliance testing.
Thus, lets’ find out the ADA web accessibility compliance requirement.
No clear website accessibility guidelines
The fact is there are no straight forward rules for ADA compliance. Still, websites of any organizations who employ more than 15 employees cannot forget about ADA compliance for this. They need to provide websites that is accessible by the disabled person. It’s true that there is no best way for building an ADA complaint website but there are actions that can be taken for making the website ADA complaint.
Getting information from WCAG
When organizations does not get any set guidelines from ADA they follow the Web Content accessibility Guidelines or commonly known as WCAG. There is nothing legal about it but it is like a reference point that helps organizations in setting up their websites and making then ADA complaint by improving their digital accessibility.
The WCAG 2.1 guidelines states that your website should be
The content should be presented in perceivable manner. Like, they can provide alternatives for the text content. They may add audio alternatives for the text or there may be assistive technology which will let the sight disabled individuals to get the content of the website.
The navigation must be simple to operate. Like, it must have keyboard accessibility so that those who cannot use the mouse for accessing may use keyboard for navigating the content as well as the website as a whole.
The content should be easy to understand. It should have input assistant, if required. Moreover, it must be simple and easy to defer the meaning.
The website should be robust in the way that it must be interpreted by various platforms and devices. The content must be accessible for the user agents and assistive technologies may help in that.